Archive for the ‘Ten Commandments’ category

The Tenth Commandment

July 2, 2010

This is my eighteenth and final post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the tenth commandment.

In this week’s excerpt Pastor Dano states that the Tenth Commandment is how the Apostle Paul realized that he had a sinful nature and that he needed a savior (which is true). Then Pastor Dano spends most of his discussion giving the Gospel. This is fine but not much detail regarding covetousness or why it was included in the Ten Commandments is given (remember that the purpose Ten Commandments is to protect the divine institutions).

It really doesn’t hurt to provide the Gospel regularly and I’m glad Pastor Dano did so again here. However, if any of my readers are looking for a more in-depth discussion of covetousness then I would like to recommend Bob Deffinbaugh’s write up titled “Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Coveting — and a Whole Lot More! (Exodus 20:17)”. I would like to quote a couple of items from Pastor Deffinbaugh and urge anyone who is interested to follow the link.

Just because coveting is the root of all kinds of evil, we must be very careful not to conclude that all coveting is evil. The term “covet” for most of us is a loaded one, suggesting only evil desires. In the Scriptures, however, “covet” may be used both positively and negatively. One may covet in a good sense or in a bad sense, depending on the context in which the term is used.59  Our Lord strongly desired (He desired with desire, Luke 22:15) to eat the Passover with His disciples. Paul strongly desired to know Christ more intimately (Phil. 3:7-14), to be with those whom he loved in the Lord, as well as for their spiritual well-being and growth (cf. Phil. 1:7-11). Paul also encouraged the Corinthian saints to covet the better spiritual gifts:[…]

That is a good point to keep in mind!

Pastor Deffinbaugh also develops several points that I won’t go into in detail but I want to provide the summary of to whet your appetites to read further:

  1. It is only wrong to covet what God has denied us, or what is of little value.
  2. We covet most what we value most, what we believe to be good.
  3. What we covet most we will sacrifice to obtain.
  4. If God is the greatest good and of infinite value, then we men should covet having fellowship with Him, and make whatever sacrifice is required to attain and enjoy it.
  5. To covet anything more than God, is to place that thing we covet above God, which is idolatry.

Here is Pastor Dano: (more…)

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT

June 18, 2010

This is my seventeenth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the ninth commandment.

As usual I have decided to add a little bit of my commentary to what Pastor Dano has written. Pastor Dano’s point all along has been that the Ten Commandments are set up to protect the Divine Institutions:

  1. Volition
  2. Marriage
  3. Family
  4. Nation

In today’s installment which deals with the ninth commandment, Pastor Dano does a very good job of relating the command to “not bear false witness” with the fourth divine institution of the nation.

While reading this I thought it would he helpful to review the biblical purpose of the nation. What I am trying to do is build a case for why, from a biblical perspective, perjury (bearing false witness) is destructive of the very purpose that God created nations for. (more…)

The Eighth Commandment – Thou Shalt Not Steal

June 4, 2010

This is my sixteenth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the eighth commandment.

The eighth commandment is the one that commands us not to steal. As is often the case I did an internet search on this commandment before posting to see what information is available regarding it on the web. I have to say that I am a bit disappointed in what I found. “Thou shalt not steal” is commonly used almost as a cliché but I didn’t find much substantial teaching on the subject of property and property rights in the Old Testament.

So, in addition to Pastor Dano’s discussion of the eighth commandment below, I have decided to reproduce here the commands regarding property from the Mosaic Law itself. The website Judaism 101 contains a lot of information about Judaism and I find it to be a very useful reference. The site lists all 613 Mitzvot (commandments) of the Mosaic Law. I am going to reproduce the ones regarding property here as a supplement to what Pastor Dano has written.

Property and Property Rights

267. Not to sell a field in the land of Israel in perpetuity (Lev. 25:23) (negative).

268. Not to change the character of the open land (about the cities of) the Levites or of their fields; not to sell it in perpetuity, but it may be redeemed at any time (Lev. 25:34) (negative). See Levi.

269. That houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev. 25:29) (affirmative).

270. Not to remove landmarks (property boundaries) (Deut. 19:14) (CCN85).

271. Not to swear falsely in denial of another’s property rights (Lev. 19:11) (CCN30).

272. Not to deny falsely another’s property rights (Lev. 19:11) (CCN36).

273. Never to settle in the land of Egypt (Deut. 17:16) (CCN192).

274. Not to steal personal property (Lev. 19:11) (CCN34).

275. To restore that which one took by robbery (Lev. 5:23) (CCA68).

276. To return lost property (Deut. 22:1) (CCA69).

277. Not to pretend not to have seen lost property, to avoid the obligation to return it (Deut. 22:3) (CCN182).

The one thing that came to mind while reading all 613 mitzvot was that the Jewish government didn’t have eminent domain or, in other words, the government couldn’t take private property for its own use.

Here is Pastor Dano: (more…)

The Seventh Commandment

May 28, 2010

This is my fifteenth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the seventh commandment. This post is a bit longer than some but it deals almost exclusively with the Doctrine of Adultery and I did not want to break it up.

As I was reading through this week’s post something caught my attention that I doubt very many other readers would even think about. In point five of the doctrine of adultery Pastor Dano quotes 1 Corinthians 6:13-18 and I noticed something in verse 18 that I hadn’t noticed before. Here is the more modern New International Translation of verse 18:

18 Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are outside his body, but he who sins sexually sins against his own body.

When I was growing up and listening to Colonel Thieme’s tapes he always emphasized that when we sin we always sin against God only. He got this from Psalm 51:4 where King David is confessing his sins over the “Bathsheba incident”:

4 Against you, you only, have I sinned
**and done what is evil in your sight,
**so that you are proved right when you speak
**and justified when you judge.

In this passage David is saying that it is against the Lord only that he sinned. Colonel Thieme made this a general principle for good reason, God makes the laws and when we sin we are violating His standards. Therefore our sins are always against God.

However, what David and Bathsheba did was sexual sin which, if I am reading 1 Corinthians 6:18 correctly, is a sin against the body as well. I checked Strong’s concordance and the word used in 1 Corinthians 6:18 for “sin” is “hamartano” which is indeed correctly translated as “sin.”

This is really interesting to me. I don’t think that the passages contradict each other but I think that there is more to this than I had realized. I am going to have to give this some thought.

Do any of my readers have an interpretation they want to share?

Here is Pastor Dano: (more…)

The Sixth Commandment

May 14, 2010

This is my fourteenth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the sixth commandment.

I have been thinking about the sixth commandment for days trying to come up with some brilliant insight or subtle point that I can add to Pastor Dano’s work and nothing has come to me. It is important to understand what the command is prohibiting as well as what it is not prohibiting which Pastor Dano has done an excellent job with.

So, without further ado, here is Pastor Dano: (more…)

The Fifth Commandment

May 7, 2010

This is my thirteenth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and the only one dealing with the fifth commandment.

In this week’s excerpt Pastor Dano heavily emphasizes authority orientation as the focal point of the fifth commandment which I believe is true. However I would like to add a slightly different emphasis and one that I believe Pastor Dano would agree with. A major reason that we are to told to respect our parents is that they are our primary teachers in life (or maybe I should say teachers for life). In the Mosaic Law fathers were made responsible for teaching the children, this was the way that knowledge and understanding of the Law was to be passed from each generation to the next. Even to this day parents are the child’s primary teachers of right and wrong.

If a child disrespects their parents then they will never learn anything from them. I have read, and listened, to parents whose children have gotten into serious trouble because the children are a law unto themselves.

At the bible.org website there is a good article on the fifth commandment titled “Between Child and Parent – Honoring Father and Mother (Exodus 20:12)” which I also recommend reading. The Author, Bob Deffinbaugh, makes some excellent points but this one in particular caught my eye:

Why is obedience to the Fifth Commandment linked with the blessings attached to the keeping of all the commandments? In addition to the fact that one must keep every commandment to keep all commandments, the Fifth Commandment plays a special role with respect to the rest of the commandments. The laws of God are to be conveyed to subsequent generations of Israelites primarily from the parents to their children. Thus, the emphasis of Deuteronomy on the teaching the Law to children. If children are going to listen to their parents and learn to love the Law, they must first respect and honor their teachers—their fathers and mothers. The honoring of parents is thus a prerequisite to the teaching of the Law from one generation to the next.

If children honor their parents they will heed their instruction. If they heed their instruction, they will keep the whole Law of God. If they keep the Law of God they will not do harm to their fellow-Israelites. Viewed negatively, honoring parents causes the child to be inclined to avoid the evils of murder, adultery, theft, false witness, and coveting. Viewed more positively, honoring parents has a high correlation with honoring others and caring for them.

Here is Pastor Dano: (more…)

The Fourth Commandment Part 2

April 30, 2010

This is my twelfth post on the Ten Commandments using Buddy Dano’s study: FOR THE LAND OF THE FREE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FREEDOM and part 2 of 2 dealing with the fourth commandment.

The fourth commandment deals with both the Sabbath year and the jubilee. After going through this study it is the jubilee year that really caught my attention. I would like to make a point about the jubilee that struck home for me when reading this short study. In the U.S., and around the world, many people are struggling right now because of the recession. While I have seen many economists, columnists, politicians, and layman arguing about the details I haven’t seen much disagreement that much of the downturn was caused by a mountain of unsustainable debt. Once this house of cards started to collapse no one could seem to stop it until a lot of damage was done.

What if there was a system where every fifty years all debt was forgiven, ancestral homes were returned to the families who originally had title to them, and everyone was given a fresh start? I can see two outcomes. First, lenders would not lend so much money knowing that at a fixed time in the future (no more than 50 years) the debts would be wiped clean. Secondly, no family would be permanently bankrupted or destroyed economically. Right now both of those sound pretty good.

I have read many people who deride ancient Israel as a “theocracy” and make that sound either scary or crazy. But, if you think about it, it sure seems like ancient Israel was a lot more caring and gracious to its citizens than our modern “compassionate” society is. Jubilee is a show of grace from a gracious God. The wise will always chose God’s grace over man’s “compassion” any day.

Here is Pastor Dano: (more…)


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